Sinead — ответы на вопросы подписчиков

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Hi Guys!

You’ve all been sending me some really great questions, so I thought I would make a video to answer some of them! In this video I’ll answer a few of the quick, easy questions, and then for the longer questions I might make one video for each.

Ok, so let’s go!

This question is from Olga:

For the verb «to be» in the past with  «I», which option is correct: «I was» or «I were»?

Well ,Olga, in the past tense, we ALWAYS use “I was”. Every time. The only case in which we can use “I were”, is in the conditional. For example:

“If I were a millionaire I would buy a big house and ten cars”.

So, if it’s past tense, it will ALWAYS be “I was”.

I hope that helps! Thanks for your question.

Ok, next question. This one is from N:

“Why can we only say “nineteen twelve” for 1912, but both “twenty twelve” and “two-thousand and twelve” are acceptable for 2012?”

Ok, this is a very interesting question. It is interesting because it is a change that has happened very recently, and it is the first time that many people can remember where the date has been said in this way. This is how I see it:

In regular, everyday spoken English, it’s most common to say “two thousand and twelve”, because since the year 2000, this is how we have said the date. “two thousand and three” (2003) sounds better than “twenty three” (23), doesn’t it! So now it is just normal for us to say “two thousand and…”.

However, in newspaper language, magazines and official announcements “twenty twelve” is more common. For example, the “Twenty Twelve Olympics”, or “Eurovision Twenty Twelve”. So, sporting events and other official things are said like this.

So, if you are just talking about the date in a normal context, try to use “two thousand and…”. But really, there is no official rule because it is a very new idea! So you can decide for yourself which is best for you. J

Thanks for the great question!

Next, a question about pronunciation.

“Which is the correct pronunciation, “of-en” or “often”?”

Another great question! And luckily, the answer is very simple:

Both! In the USA and Britain, both pronunciations are perfectly fine. I’m sure that somebody somewhere will tell you that one way is better, or that one way is wrong, but I usually hear people using both variations, and I sometimes use both myself!

I hope that helps.

Finally, another great question, from Kate:

“What is the difference between “I have” and “I’ve got”?”

Well, Kate, here is another nice, simple answer:

There is no difference! You can use both. In the UK, both variations are correct. Just remember that when we use “have got”, we usually make a contraction: (I’ve). In the USA you will most likely only hear “I have”, but it’s not wrong to say “I’ve got”. In fact, it’s more common in Britain to say “I’ve got”!

So, that’s it for today. Thanks again for your great questions, guys. I have a couple more that I will answer soon, but they were a little longer so I will need some more time to give you a good answer!

Thanks for watching 🙂 I hope this was useful and helpful for everybody.

See you all soon!


Комментарии

  1. 14 июня 2012 Olga ответить

    Thank you very much! Very helpful answers! Sinead, you are the best!

  2. 6 июля 2012 Anastasia ответить

    Re Kate’s question («have» vs «have got») i’ve got to add a bit more details:
    .

    ‘Have’ is a very interesting verb because it has many purposes. Sometimes it’s an auxiliary verb, for example in the present perfect – ‘I’ve seen that film’ – ‘have’ here doesn’t really have a meaning, it just helps support the main verb ‘see’. Other auxiliary verbs are verbs such as ‘do’ so – ‘Do you have a pen?’ where ‘do’ is the auxiliary verb. But in the example – ‘do you have a pen?’, ‘have’ actually is a main verb, it has some meaning. It means own or possess. So sometimes ‘have’ is an auxiliary verb and sometimes it’s a main verb.
    .

    In the question we’re asked about the difference between ‘I haven’t’ and ‘I don’t have’. When we use ‘I don’t have’, for example – ‘I don’t have a pen’ – we’re using ‘have’ as a main verb meaning to own or possess: ‘I don’t have a car’ – ‘Do you have a pencil?’ We need the auxiliary verb ‘do’ to help support the main verb ‘have’. Occasionally you’ll hear someone say – ‘I haven’t a clue’, but using ‘haven’t’ in this way isn’t really usual. So for example we wouldn’t normally say ‘I haven’t a pen’ or ‘I haven’t a book’. We would normally say – ‘I don’t have a book’, or ‘I don’t have pen’.
    .

    In British English, of course, you might also hear ‘I’ve got’: ‘I’ve got a book’, ‘I’ve got a pen’, ‘I’ve got a new car’. Here ‘have’ is playing the part of the auxiliary verb and this is where we can use ‘haven’t’: ‘I haven’t got a book’, ‘I haven’t got a pen’, ‘Have you got a new car?’
    .

    It’s important to remember then that ‘have’ can be a main verb or an auxiliary verb. If it’s a main verb you need another auxiliary to support it, such as ‘do’. ‘Do you have a new car?’
    .

    When it’s an auxiliary verb it’s helping another verb – ‘Have you got a new car?’ But please try to avoid – ‘I haven’t a new car.’

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